To find out what men strive for, just find out what women like!
Multiple studies (1 , 2 , and 3 ) have shown that women rate broad shoulders as one of the most attractive features in the male physique.
Not surprising then that wider, broader looking shoulders are one of the most sought-after bodily features that men aim to achieve.
And beyond this biological reasoning, wider shoulders have multiple appearance enhancing benefits.
For example, wider shoulders not only accentuate and enhance the upper body; creating the image of a powerful looking individual...
....but big shoulders create the illusion of a smaller waist as well.
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Well, although genetics will play some role in how wide your shoulders appear, you can definitely add further width to them by targeting a specific portion of the shoulder; the lateral deltoids.
Given that the lateral deltoids comprise the middle portion of your shoulders, adding more size to them will create the effect of wider looking shoulders.
However, despite the importance of this muscle and despite performing the right shoulder workouts, most people just don’t train them as effectively as they could be and instead make several training mistakes that in turn limits the development of this muscle.
This article will point out exactly what those training mistakes are and more importantly, how you can fix them so that you can get broader, wider shoulders as quickly as possible.
Most people’s go-to exercise to target the lateral deltoids are dumbbell lateral raises.
This is a good option since they’ve been consistently shown by studies such as this one to elicit the highest lateral deltoid activity when compared to other common shoulder exercises.
However, while lateral dumbbell raises provide superior EMG activation of the targeted muscle, they do have a key disadvantage. This can be seen when analyzing the resistance curve of the movement.
Given the path of the weights and the force of gravity as the lateral raise is completed, a high degree of tension is exerted on the middle deltoid only in the top half of the motion:
In contrast, at the bottom half of the movement, there’s very little tension placed on the shoulders.
That means that sticking to dumbbells exclusively is not the best way to maximize the development of this muscle.
Cable lateral raises can help solve this issue by providing more consistent tension on the side deltoids.
The reason for this, is that the resistance is applied out to the side, rather than straight up and down.
This results in tension being applied throughout the whole raise:
And if you don't have access to cables, use resistance bands which can also help provide tension laterally.
To make the cable and dumbbell versions even more effective, you can slightly lean in the direction of the raise by hanging onto a pole with one hand as you perform the movement with the other arm.
A recent study has shown that the supraspinatus (a rotator cuff muscle) is most active during the beginning of the lateral raise:
The deltoids only become more active around the halfway point of the movement and stay fairly active through to the end of the range of motion:
Thus, by leaning away, you’re able to effectively shift more of the tension to the deltoids and away from the supraspinatus muscle:
These are just extra lateral raise variations for you to experiment with and implement accordingly.
So, as a summary of this point, to get the most out of these exercises and ensure optimal development of the side deltoids, you will want to perform both dumbbell and cable lateral raises.
This can be done by cycling through them in your weekly routine and/or performing them both in your shoulder workout:
A good option for example if you perform 4 sets of lateral raises in your workout is to dedicate 2 to dumbbell lateral raises and 2 to cable lateral raises. This will allow you to reap the benefits that each exercise has to offer.
Another common mistake when performing lateral raises is leading the movement with the hands and allowing the hands to raise up higher than the elbows:
Doing this somewhat defeats the purpose of the exercise.
Because it shifts some of the tension away from the shoulders and towards the rotator cuff muscles instead. This is because performing the movement in this fashion now involves more external rotation than abduction - the main role of the lateral deltoids.
Often times, performing the exercise incorrectly in this way also shortens the range of motion.
Simple. Just make sure that your hands are in line with the elbows as you raise them up:
And as you perform each repetition, you should be thinking about leading with your elbows rather than raising the weight with your hands.
Performing the lateral raise while consciously driving the elbows upwards will increase the range of motion through which you can strengthen your deltoids and helps maximize shoulder abduction.
If you're still struggling with this however, then I'd highly recommend incorporating kettle bell lateral raises.
Performing lateral raises with kettle bells can better allow you to consciously lead with the elbows. This is due to the way gravity acts on the kettle bells as you raise.
Also, using kettle bells can be a good way to add a little bit of variety. So feel free to experiment and swap between dumbbells, cables, and kettle bells for your lateral raises.
Never sure if you're performing your shoulder exercises correctly - and optimally for muscle growth in the gym? Don't worry. Our 3-on-1 coaching program can help. My team of experts here at BWS – and I – will always take the time to explain the dos and do not's of each exercise's execution in your personalized training program. Find out more about how we can help you achieve your dream physique below:
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Another common mistake is allowing your traps to take over the exercises you are doing to strengthen your deltoid muscle. Having broad shoulders and strong lateral deltoids is dependent on ensuring that you avoid letting your traps takeover the exercises you do.
Bad posture and inadvertent shrugging in day-to-day activities causes over-activation of the trapezius muscle group which tightens as a result.
This over-activity means that the upper traps take over many shoulder exercises such as the overhead press or the lateral raise.
Add that to the close proximity of the two muscle groups, and you can see why the traps can become such a problem when performing shoulder exercises:
This is problematic because in order to optimally activate the middle deltoid during the lateral raise, the shoulder girdle and upper traps should stay depressed. You want to avoid excessive shoulder girdle elevation.
To minimize upper trap involvement, actively pull your shoulders down and keep your upper traps as relaxed as possible before and during the movement:
The upper traps will tend to want to be involved in the exercise, especially as you raise your arm up. To combat this, simply focus as you perform each rep on keeping the shoulder girdle depressed and the upper traps relaxed.
Another helpful tip is to use a "thumbless grip" when you perform your dumbbell and/or cable lateral raises. This seems to help better activate the shoulders and minimize upper trap involvement.
You should also actively think about pushing “out” the back of your hand in each rep rather than focusing only on lifting the weight “up”:
And lastly, if you're still struggling, try this out:
Once you have mastered this, you can then slowly add weight to practice and then eventually apply this to your working lateral raise sets.
So to sum up this article and to get wider shoulders as fast as possible, here are the main points to keep in mind:
These recommendations are essential to maximally activate your lateral deltoid muscle and to give the appearance of wider shoulders.
And as you learned in this article, if you want to see the best results then it’s vital that you not only choose the right exercises and variations. Even more importantly is that you implement and perform them correctly within your routine.
And by using an approach that's backed by science and simply knowing that you're indeed maximizing your efforts in the gym...
...you're able to build muscle (and lose fat) as fast as humanly possible.
A proven, evidence-based, detailed approach is what's going to enable you to progress at the fastest rate and is how thousands of members are transforming their bodies faster than they ever have with the #BuiltWithScience programs.
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Anyways, as always, thank-you for the continuous support! I always enjoy implementing your suggestions and reading the questions you have posted in the comments section!! Please follow me on Instagram and Facebook, and subscribe to my Youtube channel where I will continue to frequently post videos on various fitness topics!